Islam

Islam

Monday, 13 March 2017

The necessary components of the Friday sermon

Image result for Friday sermon at Shah Alam mosque

Question

Is a sermon necessary for the Jumu`ah prayer on Friday? If it is, then what are the things that have to be said in the Friday sermon? Which of those things have to be said in Arabic?

Answer

The sermon is a condition for the validity of Jumu`ah prayer according to the strongest opinion of the people of knowledge as stated by the Hanafî school of law (al-Mabsût 2/23), the Shâfi`î school of law (al-Majmû` 4/513), the Hanbalî school of law, (al-Mughnî 3/170) and the majority of Mâlikî scholars. It is the authentic position of the Mâlikî school, (al-Kâfî 1/249). 

There must be two sermons, according to the strongest opinion of the scholars, as supported by al-Shâfi`î, Ahmad b. Hanbal, and Mâlik in a narration for each. 

The conditions of the sermon are as follows:
1. The intention of the Imam that he is giving a Jumu`ah sermon. The evidence for this is the hadîth “Works are only by intentions.” 

2. The sermon must precede the Jumu`ah prayer. This view is held by the Hanafî school (al-Mabsût 2/26), the Mâlikî school (al-Mudawannah 1/156), the Shâfi`î school (al-Majmû` 4/514) and the Hanbalî school (al-Kashâf 2/31). This is correct according to Sunnah. 

3. The Imam should give the sermon while standing if he is capable of doing so. If he gives the sermon while seated, it will still be valid but it will be at variance with the Sunnah. 

4. The sermon should be in loud voice, since the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to deliver the sermon in a loud voice. 

5. The sermon should be given in Arabic, if the imam knows it. In a situation where the Imam or the worshippers do not know Arabic, then it is permissible for the sermon to be given in another language. This opinion is supported by Sheikh Muhammad b. `Uthaymîn. 

6. The sermon and the Jumu`ah prayer should be offered in succession without pause. The same applies to the parts of the sermon itself. The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do it this way. The sermon and the prayer are, in fact, one thing.
There are other conditions mentioned by scholars for the Jumu`ah prayer, but I did not mention them because I do not consider them to be conditions, such as the condition about the minimum number of worshippers. I hold the opinion that the least number of worshippers for Jumu`ah is only three people. 

The scholars have determined that the pillars for the Jumu`ah sermon are as follows:
1. It should contain the praise to Allah. 

2. It should contain salutations upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) 

3. It must offer admonishment to those who are listening. 

4. It must contain mention of some verses of the Qur’ân.
There is no doubt that inclusion of these elements in the sermon is preferred, even though some scholars say that these things are not necessary pillars and that it is enough to give a speech that will achieve the goal. This is the opinion adopted by Mâlik. It is also the famous narration in the Hanbalî school of thought and the apparent opinion of Imam Ibn Taymiyah. 

May Allah guide us all.

-islamtoday.net

1 comment:

  1. SAYA INGIN BERBAGI CERITA KEPADA SEMUA ORANG BAHWA MUNKIN AKU ADALAH ORANG YANG PALING MISKIN DIDUNIA DAN SAYA HIDUP BERSAMA ISTRI DAN 3 BUAH HATI SAYA SELAMA 10 TAHUN DAN 10 TAHUN ITU KAMI TIDAK PERNAH MERASAKAN YANG NAMANYA KEMEWAHAN,,SETIAP HARI SAYA SELALU MEMBANTIN TULANG BERSAMA SUAMI SAYA UNTUK KELUARGA SAYA NAMUN ITU SEMUA TIDAK PERNAH CUKUP UNTUK KEBUTUHAN HIDUP KELUARGA SAYA..AKHIRNYA AKU PILIH JALAN TOGEL INI DAN SUDAH BANYAK PARA NORMALYANG SAYA HUBUNGI NAMUN ITU SEMUA TIDAK PERNAH MEMBAWAKAN HASIL DAN DISITULAH AKU SEMPAT PUTUS ASA AKHIRNYA ADA SEORANG TEMAN YANG MEMBERIKAN NOMOR AKI SOLEH JAFFAR,,SAYA PIKIR TIDAK ADA SALAHNYA JUGA SAYA COBA LAGI UNTUK MENGHUBUNGI AKI SOLEH JAFFAR DAN AKHIRNYA AKI SOLEH JAFFAR MEMBERIKAN ANGKA GHOIBNYA DAN ALHAMDULILLAH BERHASIL..KINI SAYA SANGAT BERSYUKUR MELIHAT KEHIDUPAN KELUARGA SAYA SUDAH JAUH LEBIH BAIK DARI SEBELUMNYA,DAN TANDA TERIMAH KASIH SAYA KEPADA AKI SOLEH JAFFAR SETIAP SAYA DAPAT RUANGAN PASTI SAYA BERKOMENTAR TENTAN AKI SOLEH JAFFAR …BAGI ANDA YANG INGIN SEPERTI SAYA SILAHKAN HUBUNGI AKI SOLEH JAFFAR: 0853- 7778–3331


    KLIK DISINI




    Sekian lama saya bermain togel baru kali ini saya
    benar-benar merasakan yang namanya kemenangan 4D dan alhamdulillah saya dpat Rp 150 juta dan semuaini
    berkat bantuan angka dari AKI SOLEH JAFFAR]
    karena cuma Beliaulah ang memberikan angka
    goibnya yg di jamin 100% tembus awal saya
    bergabung hanya memasang 100 ribu karna
    saya ngak terlalu percaya ternyatah benar-benar
    tembus dan kini saya ngak ragu-ragu lagi untuk memasang
    angkanya,,,,buat anda yg butuh angka yang dijamin tembus
    hubungi AKI SOLEH JAFFAR] DI 0853-7778–3331
    insya allah beliu akan menbatu k40esusahan
    anda apalagi kalau anda terlilit hutang trima kasih.? <<< ]

    ReplyDelete