I would like to know the importance of patience in Islam and the benefits and advantages that it brings to a Muslim's life.
Patience is one of the noblest qualities of the believers. It is the single best character trait that a person can have. When Allah mentions the traits of the people of Paradise and what made them entitled to it, He mentions patience. Allah says: “Peace unto you for that you persevered in patience! Now how excellent is the final abode”.
Allah describes the best of people as: “...those who are patient seeking the countenance of their Lord”.
Moreover, Allah described patience as the best of possible behaviors. He says: “But if you would show patience, for it is indeed the best (course) for those who are patient.”
Patience is a great thing and the reward for it is equally great. Allah enjoins patience upon the best of His servants, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), when He says: “And do be patient, for your patience is but from Allah.”
All acts of righteousness draw strength from this great quality. Abû Sa`îd al-Khudrî relates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever perseveres in patience, Allah makes him patient, and no one is granted a greater and more comprehensive gift than patience.”
Those who persevere in patience will be rewarded an unlimited reward. Allah says: “Those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without measure”.
Patience is among the most serious and difficult achievments that a person can attain: “But indeed if any show patience and forgive, that would truly be an affair of great resolution.”
Ahmad b. Hanbal relates in an authentic hadîth that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If Allah loves a people He will test them, and for whoever patiently perseveres will be the reward of patience, and whoever fails to do so will have his failure.”
Patience is also a way to attain Allah’s love. Allah says: “For Allah loves those who are patient.”
A person needs to be patient in order to achieve his goals and move through life smoothly. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Patience is light”. [Sahîh Muslim]
Believers are commanded to exhort one another to be patient. Allah says: “By the time, verily man is in loss, except such as have faith, and do righteous deeds, and enjoin each other to truth, and enjoin each other to patience.”
A Muslim who patiently perseveres when faced with problems and catastrophes will be granted a great reward. Allah has ordered his Messenger (peace be upon him) to give glad tidings to those who persevere patiently. He says: “But give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere, who say, when afflicted with calamity: 'To Allah we belong, and to Him is our return'."
Patience is an indication of faith and of a good relationship with Allah. It shows true reliance upon Allah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “How amazing are the believer’s affairs; all his affairs are good for him. If something good befalls him, he is grateful and that is good for him, and if he is afflicted by calamity he is patient and that is also good for him.” [Sahîh Muslim]